Giorgio De Chirico (1888 - 1978) - El Greco, Pencil on paper - 1939

Auction title: 
Contemporary and 20th Century Fine Art
Lot number: 
16
Artist: 
Giorgio De Chirico (1888 - 1978)
Artwork Title: 
El Greco
Size: 
13x10cm
Media: 
Pencil on paper
Artist Info: 
Giorgio De Chirico was born in Volos, Greece, to a Genovese mother and a Sicilian father. He studied art in Athens and Florence, moving to Germany in 1906 where he enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich. There he read the writings of the philosophers Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer and Otto Weiningerand and also studied the works of Arnold Böcklin and Max Klinger. In the years prior to World War I, De Chirico founded the art movement called "Scuola Metafisica" which profoundly influenced the surrealists.
 
Moving to Florence in 1910, De Chirico painted the first of his 'Metaphysical Town Square' series, 'The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon'. The following year he moved to Paris and met Pierre Laprade, a member of the jury at the Salon d'Automne, where he exhibited three of his works and subsequently at the Salon des Indépendants and Salon d’Automne. Here, De Chirico won praise for his work almost immediately from the writer Guillaume Apollinaire, who helped to introduce his work to the later Surrealists. De Chirico strongly influenced the Surrealist movement: Yves Tanguy. Other Surrealists who acknowledged De Chirico's influence include Max Ernst, Salvador Dalí and René Magritte. Other artists as diverse as Giorgio Morandi, Carlo Carrà, Paul Delvaux, Carel Willink, Harue Koga, Philip Guston and Sylvia Plath were also influenced deeply by De Chirico.
 

Museum Collections (among others)

Tate Collection, U.K.
Museum of Modern Art, NY
Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
Guggenheim Collection
Chianciano Art Museum
 

Notes

De Chirico remained extremely active even as he approached his 90th year and in 1974 he was elected to the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.
Date: 
1939
Price Estimate: 
£ 4,800 - £ 5,800